Learning Electronics

Learning Electronics

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Car Battery Saver

Prevents the complete discharge of the battery when the door is left open accidentally
I recently forgot to close the door of my car after parking in the garage and I found the battery completely exhausted after the week-end, when I tried to start the engine on Monday morning. This inconvenience prompted me to design a simple circuit, capable of switching-off automatically after a few minutes the inside courtesy lamp, the real culprit for the damage.
Car Battery Saver circuit diagramParts:

R1______________10M 1/4W Resistor
R2______________10K 1/4W Resistor
C1______________47µF 25V Electrolytic Capacitor
IC1____________7555 or TS555CN CMos Timer IC
D1___________1N4148 75V 150mA Diode
Q1____________BD681 100V 4A NPN Darlington Transistor
LP1___________Existing Lamp Bulb, usually 12V 5W
SW1____________SPST Existing Door-Switch
SW2____________SPST Existing Bypass Switch

Circuit operation:

When the door is opened, SW1 closes, the circuit is powered and the lamp is on. C1 starts charging slowly through R1 and when a voltage of 2/3 the supply is reached at pins #2 and #6 of IC1, the internal comparator changes the state of the flip-flop, the voltage at pin #3 falls to zero and the lamp will switch-off. The lamp will remain in the off state as the door is closed and will illuminate only when the door will be opened again. The final result is a three-terminal device in which two terminals are used to connect the circuit in series to the lamp and the existing door-switch. The third terminal is connected to the 12V positive supply.

Source: Red Free Circuit Design