Learning Electronics

Learning Electronics

Learn to build electronic circuits

Flashing Eyes

Two-LED-eyes follow the rhythm of music or speech, 3V Battery-operated device suitable for pins or badges

This circuit was purposely designed as a funny Halloween gadget. It should be placed to the rear of a badge or pin bearing a typical Halloween character image, e.g. a pumpkin, skull, black cat, witch, ghost etc. Two LEDs are fixed in place of the eyes of the character and will shine more or less brightly following the rhythm of the music or speech picked-up from surroundings by a small microphone. Two transistors provide the necessary amplification and drive the LEDs.

Circuit Diagram:

Large View


R1 = 10K
R2 = 1M
R3 = 1K
C1 = 4.7uF-25V
C2 = 47uF-25V
D1 = 2mm LED
D2 = 2mm LED
Q1 = BC547
Q2 = BC557
B1 = 3V Battery
SW1 = SPST Switch
MIC1 = Electret Mic

  • Any general purpose, small signal transistor can be used for Q1 and Q2, but please note that R3 could require adjustment, depending on the gain of Q1. For medium gain transistors, the suggested value should do the job. High gain transistors will require a lower value for R3, i.e. about 390 - 470 Ohm. You can substitute R3 with a 1K Trimmer in order to set precisely the threshold of the circuit.
  • Any LED type and color can be used, but small, 2mm diameter, high efficiency LEDs will produce a better effect.
  • No limiting resistors are required for D1 and D2 even if this could seem incorrect.
  • Stand-by current consumption of the circuit is about 1.5mA.
  • Depending on dimensions of your badge, you can choose from a wide variety of battery types:
  • 2 x 1.5 V batteries type: AA, AAA, AAAA, button clock-type, photo-camera type & others.
  • 2 x 1.4 V mercury batteries, button clock-type.

Source : www.redcircuits.com