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Mains/Fuse Failure IndicatorThe indicator shows when the mains is present at its output by a continuous glow of a neon bulb, La1, and when the fuse is blown by flashing of the neon bulb. When the fuse is intact, capacitor C2 acts as the series resistance for the neon bulb, so that this glows continuously. When the fuse has blow, the mains voltage across diode D1 is applied as a pulsating direct voltage to network R1-C1. Capacitor C1 charges slowly and when the voltage across it reaches 80–100 V, the neon bulb comes on. Capacitor C1 is then discharged slowly via diode D2 and the bulb.
When the voltage across it has dropped sufficiently, the bulb goes out, whereupon C1 slowly charges again. This process repeats itself, so that, provided the values of R1 and C1 are right, the bulb flashes visibly. The potential across capacitor C2 is a ramp with a peak value of 30 V (which is, of course, applied to the load). Note that the neon bulb used for this purpose must not be a type that has a built-in series resistor.