Learning Electronics

Learning Electronics

Learn to build electronic circuits

On And Off Button

In this simple circuit we give the chip a little more attention than usual. It is astonishing what can be built with a 555. We are always infatuated with simple circuits using this IC, such as the one shown here. The 555 is used here so that a single push-button can operate a relay. If you press the button once, the relay is energized. When you press it again the relay turns off. In addition, it is possible to define the initial state of the relay when the power supply is switched on. The design is, as previously mentioned, very simple. Using R1 and R2, the threshold and trigger inputs are held at half the power supply voltage.

Circuit diagram:
On-Off Button circuit schematic
On/Off Button Circuit Diagram

When the voltage at the threshold pin becomes greater that 2/3 of the power supply voltage, the output will go low. The output goes high when the voltage at the trigger input is less than 1/3 of the power supply voltage. Because C2, via R3, will eventually have the same level as the output, the output will toggle whenever the push-button is pressed. If, for example, the output is low, the level of the trigger input will also become low and the output will go high! C1 defines the initial state of the relay when the power is applied. If the free end of C1 is connected to Vcc, then the output is high after power up; the output is low when C1 is connected to ground.
Author: Ger Langezaal - Copyright: Elektor Electronics