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Pulse Frequency ModulatorThe pulse width of the compact pulse cum frequency modulator can be varied by altering the change-over point of comparator IC1 with a control voltage via resistor R1. The hysteresis of the IC is determined by resistors R3 and R4. The control voltage also causes the frequency of the present circuit to be altered. When the input voltage is 0 V, the frequency is a maximum: in the present design this is about 3.8 kHz. The level of the output voltage is ±12–13 V. The more the change-over point has been shifted with the control voltage, the longer it will take before the potential across capacitor C1 has reached the level at which IC1 is enabled.
When the control voltage is larger than the zener voltage, the oscillator ceases to work. The maximum period is 25 ms, which may be adapted by altering the value of C1. This will, of course, also alter the maximum frequency. The duty cycle is inversely proportional to the control voltage. The minimum pulse width attainable at the lowest frequency is about 6 µs. The modulator draws a current not exceeding 5 mA.