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NiMh and NiCd Battery Charger Circuit

This automatic NiCd charger for 9V NiCd batteries is using 555 timer properties and is very easy to build. Why is an automatic 9 volts NiCd battery charger? Because you can leave the battery for charging as much as you like: it will be always completely charged and ready for use when is needed. It wont be overcharged and it will not discharge. With the values presented in the circuit diagram, the battery charger NiCd circuit is suitable for 6V and 9V batteries.

9 volt types with 6 and 7 cells are charging with 20mA; P1 must be adjusted so that the NiCd charger disconnects after 14 hours. Window inferior level is set at 1V below this value with P2. 5V battery type with 4 or 5 cells are charged at 55mA. Again, with P1 adjust the NiCd charger circuit so it disconnects after 14 hours. Window inferior level must be set at 0.8V below this value.
9 volt at 200mA NiMh battery picture
Circuit diagram:
automatic NiCd battery schematic circuit diagram
Automatic NiCd Battery Charger Circuit Diagram

P1 = 50K
P2 = 50K
R1 = 820R
R2 = 820R
R3 = 1K
R4 = 10K
R5 = 10K
R6 = 100R
D1 = 4.7V Zener
D2 = 1N4001
D4 = 1N4148
D5 = B40C1500 Diode Bridge
C1 = 220uF - 25V
Q1 = BC547B
IC = 555
B1 = 9V Ni-Cad Battery